An Introduction to Model-Based Cognitive Neuroscience by Birte U. Forstmann, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers

By Birte U. Forstmann, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers

Two fresh concepts, the emergence of formal cognitive versions and the addition of cognitive neuroscience information to the normal behavioral info, have ended in the beginning of a brand new, interdisciplinary box of analysis: model-based cognitive neuroscience. regardless of the expanding medical curiosity in model-based cognitive neuroscience, few lively researchers or even fewer scholars have an outstanding wisdom of the 2 constituent disciplines. the most target of this edited assortment is to advertise the mixing of cognitive modeling and cognitive neuroscience. specialists within the box will supply tutorial-style chapters that specify specific suggestions and spotlight their usefulness via concrete examples and diverse case stories. The ebook also will contain a radical checklist of references pointing the reader in the direction of extra literature and on-line resources.

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Voss, Rothermund and Voss [22] took this approach further and separately tested selective influences on the diffusion model’s most fundamental parameters. For example, one experiment manipulated relative payoffs for different kinds of responses, and found selective influence on the model parameter representing bias (the “start point” parameter). These kinds of tests can alleviate concerns about model complexity by supporting the idea that particular model parameters are necessary, and by establishing direct relationships between the parameters and particular objective changes or manipulations.

Heathcote A, Brown S, Mewhort DJ (2000) The power law repealed: the case for an exponential law of practice. Psychon Bull Rev 7:185–207 10. Myung IJ, Kim C, Pitt MA (2000) Toward an explanation of the power law artifact: insights from response surface analysis. Mem Cognit 28:832–840. 3758/BF03198418 11. Norris D (2005) How do computational models help us build better theories? In: Cutler A (ed) Twenty-first century psycholinguistics: four cornerstones. Lawrence Erlbaum, Mahwah, pp 331–346 12. Fum D, Missier FDel, Stocco A (2007) The cognitive modeling of human behavior: why a model is (sometimes) better than 10,000 words.

If you have no programming experience, but have some time and patience, you could simulate this model using a checkers board or pen and paper—just be careful not to introduce any human errors! 3. Having replicated the simulation, try using different starting patterns; these could be random or hand-coded. One interesting pattern to try is a striped arrangement, so that successive rows alternate between containing only peaceful individuals and only hostile individuals. 4. ’s [3] Fig. 4, showing how the number and placement of “short-fused” individuals affects the final stable state of the simulation.

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An Introduction to Model-Based Cognitive Neuroscience by Birte U. Forstmann, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers
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