By George H. Daniels
During this first attempt to outline an American medical group, initially released in 1968, George Daniels has selected for detailed learn the fifty six scientists such a lot released within the sixteen medical journals pointed out as “national” in the course of the interval 1815 to 1845. In this reprint variation, with a brand new preface and advent, Daniels exhibits how American scientists emerged from a disorganized workforce of amateurs right into a expert physique sharing a standard orientation and customary ambitions.
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Extra info for American Science in the Age of Jackson (History Amer Science & Technol)
18 When Silliman had been appointed professor of chemistry at Yale in 1802 there were twenty-one other full-time scientific jobs available in the Page 14 United States; at the time he wrote his optimistic comments nineteen years later there were apparently more jobs than qualified personnel. Sixteen new colleges had been founded during the time since Silliman was appointed to his chair, and twenty-three additional ones were founded in the decade after he wrote his comments. 19 All of these made some effort to offer instruction in natural science.
For one thing, his efforts should have laid to rest forever the notion Page xii that there was not much interest in science in America. " 13 A great deal of ink has been wasted by historians who assumed that the motivations for engaging in scientific work must be either purely scientific or purely social/economic. One of the contributions of Greene's work is to demonstrate that a variety of motivations can work together to produce a result. But even though Greene finds a great deal of activity, it is clear that his period ended before the older tradition of science as avocational had been replaced, and at a time when only the barest beginnings had been made in institution development.
Bruce, The Launching of Modern American Science, 18461876 (New York, 1987), p. 5. 16. While Bruce makes effective use of such material, he was by no means the first to discover this connection. See, for example, Dupree, Science in the Federal Government, which is still the best work to deal extensively with such topics. 17. John C. Burnham, Science in America: Historical Selections (New York, 1971), p. 73. 18. Henry D. Shapiro and Zane L. , 1970), xvii. 19. Chandos Michael Brown, Benjamin Silliman: A Life in the Young Republic (Princeton, 1989), p.
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