Agency and Answerability: Selected Essays by Gary Watson

By Gary Watson

Because the Nineteen Seventies Gary Watson has released a sequence of impressive and hugely influential essays on human motion, interpreting such questions as: in what methods are we unfastened and never loose, rational and irrational, accountable or now not for what we do? ethical philosophers and philosophers of motion will welcome this assortment, representing some of the most vital our bodies of labor within the box.

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291. , p. 286. -100this might have affected the development of Leibniz's views on causation and preestablished harmony. We will consider such questions again when we return to de Vleeschauwer in section III. There are two important topics we have not yet touched on in this brief survey of views on Leibniz's early development on causation and the preestablished harmony. The topics are Leibniz as interactionist and Leibniz as dualist. We turn to these now in considering remarks of Willy Kabitz. Kabitz, in his influential book Die Philosophie des jungen Leibniz, considers the question of interaction, and also dualism, in a section devoted to the relation of mind and body.

The defense of these theses, along with the review of the literature that precedes this, hardly constitutes a complete history of Leibniz's development with respect to the denial of intersubstantial causation and the assertion of preestablished harmony. Indeed, I am all too aware of the limitations of this survey. But it may serve nonetheless to spur further ____________________ abbreviated formulation of Leibniz's position. Strictly, of course, Leibniz allows for the causal action of infinite substance on finite substances, that is, for at least one kind of intersubstantial causation.

The occasionalist tone is intensified if one takes strictly the point about there being "no power" in us, so that it indicates not only that we possess no intersubstantial causal power but also no intrasubstantial causal power. This is flatly inconsistent with Leibniz's later theory of spontaneously acting simple substances and fully consistent with the occasionalist denial of true causation in creatures. 61 ____________________ 59 Vorausedition, Faszikel 2, p. 292. 60 But not unique. Robert Sleigh has pointed out that early versions of one of the sections of the Discourse on Metaphysics contain what he calls the "language of occasional causes" ( Leibniz and Arnauld, p.

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Agency and Answerability: Selected Essays by Gary Watson
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