By Enlli Mon Thomas, Ineke Mennen
This e-book offers a latest method of the research of bilingualism. Drawing on contributions from top specialists within the box, this booklet brings jointly - in one quantity - a range of the fascinating paintings performed as a part of the programme of the ESRC Centre for examine on Bilingualism in conception and perform at Bangor collage, Wales.
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Extra resources for Advances in the Study of Bilingualism
In a further analysis of the same late consecutive bilinguals, the prosodic feature of tonal alignment, that is the alignment of pitch peaks in intonation contours, was examined. , 2012) was based on findings by Atterer and Ladd (2004) who found that tonal alignment of the prenuclear rise (the peak in the intonation contour which occurs immediately before the most prominent intonation rise in an intonational phrase) occurs significantly later in German than English. Similar to the results from Atterer and Ladd’s study, it was revealed that this crosslanguage difference in tonal alignment in the control groups was greater at the start of the prenuclear rise than at the end of the prenuclear rise.
Consequently, the children’s reduction pattern may be a truthful reflection of the input they received. The substitution patterns also provided evidence for language-specific differences in the realisation of clusters shared by Welsh and English. The incidence of these was relatively low, though, with mostly similar reduction and simplification patterns in the two languages. Where language-specific differences were found, they involved clusters containing /r/. Recall that Speech Lear ning in Bilingual s 23 these were considered shared clusters because bilingual adults may use trilled and approximant realisations of rhotics in both languages (Jones, 1984).
Note, however, that these clusters were all produced with near-perfect accuracy from the outset. In a similar vein, correlations could not be computed for /gl/, /sm/, /sw/ and /sl/, as at least one of the variables in these exhibited 100% accuracy across all age groups, thus showing ceiling effects. 5 depict the substitution patterns for the Welsh and English clusters, respectively. e. 3 children × 4 instances). The ticks, in turn, indicate that all tokens in a given cell were produced accurately.
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